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Tuesday, 3 July 2012

The History of Uzbekistan


Uzbekistan is a former Soviet republic and now a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Its official name is the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Alexander The Great
The history of Uzbekistan covers more than 2.5 millennia. Situated along the upper of Amu-Darya (The Oxus), Syr-Darya (The Jaxartes) and their tributaries has always been the different from the rest of central Asia.
By the 4th century b.c after the campaigns of Alexander the Great increased the trade along the Silk Road had emerged the area as an important trading center; cultural contact intensified and a variety of religions flourish, from centuries became the home for hundred nations. Many other invaders were here after but no one left much destruction as the Mongols led by Genghis Khan in the 13th century A.D. Vast migration of nomadic of the Turks from the northern steppe areas increased drastically. However, in the late 14th century the tribal prince Amir Temur known as Tamerlane united the nations of Central Asia to fight against the Mongols and in victory founded a powerful land with its capital in Samarkand.
Genghis Khan

For more than 2 centuries the Timurids were ruling turning this place into the centre of Central Asia introducing the ~Uzbek~ term in the 15th and 16th centuries A.D during the period of Shaybani Khan. Bukhara, Kokand, and Khiva Khanates were established under independent states but again the independent doesn’t last long when the neighboring Russia could not ignore the geopolitically important region, as it was a great economic opportunity for Russia.

Amir Temur
Tashkent the administrative center of Turkestan was established. Russia soviet rule was declared in Turkestan in 1918. As a result of state demarcation, in 1924 the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) was established. Since then, for more than 70years Uzbekistan under the Soviet regime before declared the political independence of the country on 31st August 1991, which was officially named the Republic of Uzbekistan. 1st September was proclaimed Independence Day.

Since September 1991 to July 1993 the Republic of Uzbekistan was officially recognized by 160 states. On 2 March 1992 the country joined the United Nations. 

Overwhelming support from the nations for independence 98.2% of the population voted) and the government line was expressed during presidential elections and a referendum on political sovereignty (29 December 1991). Islam Karimov won 86% of the vote and became the first President of the new Republic of Uzbekistan. 

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